The Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) was founded on April 26, 1973, and is under the aegis of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Food Supply. Since its foundation, and with its partners from the National Agricultural Research System, it has taken on the challenge to develop a genuinely Brazilian model of tropical agriculture and livestock to overcome the barriers that limited the production of food, fiber, and fuel in Brazil. This effort has helped to change Brazil. Nowadays, its agriculture is one of the most efficient and sustainable ones in the planet. It has incorporated a wide area of formerly degraded Cerrado lands into its production systems; a region that now accounts for nearly 50% of its grain production. It has quadrupled the beef and pork supply and increased the chicken supply 22-fold. These are some of the achievements that took the country from the condition of basic food importer to one of the world's largest food producers and exporters.