Chemical Identification
Common Name
Simazine
中文通用名
西玛津
IUPAC
6-chloro-N2,N4-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine
CAS
6-chloro-N,N′-diethyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine
CAS No.
122-34-9
Molecular Formula
C7H12ClN5
Molecular Structure
Category
Activity
Herbicide
Premix
Wettable powder, water dispersible granule, liquid, and granular. Premix Parters: cacodylic acid; cacodylic acid MSMA;
Physical Properties
Molecular weight:201.7; Physical form:Colourless powder. Density:1.33 (22 °C); Composition:Tech. grade is ×97% pure. Melting point:225-227 °C (decomp.); Vapour pressure:2.94 × 10-3 mPa (25 °C) ( OECD 104); Henry constant:5.6 × 10-5 Pa m3 mol-1 ( calc.); Partition coefficient(n-octanol and water):logP = 2.1 (25 °C, unionised); pKa:1.62 (20 °C), v. weak base; Solubility:In water 6.2 mg/l ( pH 7, 20 °C). In ethanol 570, acetone 1500, toluene 130, n-octanol 390, n-hexane 3.1 (all in mg/l, 25 °C).; Stability:Relatively stable in neutral, weakly acidic and weakly alkaline media. Rapidly hydrolysed by stronger acids and bases; DT50 ( calc.) 8.8 d ( pH 1), 96 d ( pH 5), 3.7 d ( pH;
Toxicology
Oral:Acute oral LD50 for rats 500-10 000, Chinese hamsters >5000 mg/kg. Percutaneous:Acute percutaneous LD50 for rats >2000 mg/kg. Non-irritating to skin and eyes (rabbits). Inhalation: LC50 (4 h) for rats >5.5 mg/l. Phytotoxicity:Phytotoxic to a number of crops, including sugar beet, tobacco, tomatoes, cucurbits, clover, rice, soya beans, lettuce, oats, and many vegetables (e.g. spinach, onions, carrots, crucifers, etc.).
Environmental Profile
Ecotoxicology: 
Algae: EC50 (72 h) for Scenedesmus subspicatus 0.042 mg/l; (5 d) for Selenastrum capricornutum 0.26 mg/l.Bees:LD50 (48 h, oral and topical) >99 mg/bee.Birds:Acute oral LD50 for mallard ducks >2000 mg/kg. Dietary LC50 (8 d) for mallard ducks 10 000, Japanese quail >5000 mg/kg.Daphnia:LC50 (48 h) >100 mg/l; (21 d) 0.29 mg/l.Fish: LC50 (96 h) for bluegill sunfish 90, rainbow trout >100, crucian carp >100, guppies 49 mg/l.Worms: LC50 (14 d) for earthworms >1000 mg/kg. 

Environmental fate: 
Animals:In mammals, following oral administration, 65-97% is eliminated within 24 h as the de-ethylated metabolite (Y. Deng et al., J. Agric. Food Chem., 1990, 38, 1411). Elimination of low rates is primarily in the urinSoil:Major metabolites under all conditions are desethylsimazine and hydroxysimazine. Microbial breakdown in soil results in degradation of simazine at very variable rates; DT50 27-102 d (median 49 d); temperature and soil moisture aPlant:Readily metabolised by tolerant plants to the herbicidally-inactive 6-hydroxy analogue and amino acid conjugates. The hydroxysimazine is further degraded by dealkylation of the side-chains and by hydrolysis of the resulting amino groups on the ring, with
Transport Information
Signal Word:CAUTION; Hazard Class:III(Slightly hazardous)

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